Currently, the nation's aging population is expected to be the "greatest country" on Earth by 2060 with four out of 10 people aged 65 or older. But we are not well prepared to face the huge demographic changes that will come soon.
This is not only in government-level policy, but also in society-wide perception and culture, including those facing old age.
An aging society is an aged population, or a society in which the elderly have a majority of the members of society. The world's fastest aging population is largely attributable to the demographic factors that the baby boomers, who were born in the 1950s and 1960s, are now facing their old age. In Korea, 7.3 million baby boomers will lead retirement and aging. The creation of a new senior year award along with the birth of a new senior year is also the responsibility of the baby boomers who are transitioning to old age.
The United States of America, a policy of seniority led by civil society
The baby boom generation in the U.S. represents 75.85 million babies born for 20 years (1946-1965) after World War II. The baby boom generation, which accounts for one-fourth of the U.S. population, is a generation that led social and cultural movements such as sexual liberation and anti-war movements, hippies and rock music, and still has a great influence on politics, society and culture in the U.S. The U.S. government has taken a policy approach to easing the impact of the aging and retirement of the baby boom generation by abolishing the retirement age system (1986) and raising the age of pension benefits, but its policy focus has been on the relatively stable assets of the federal government, and its direct and indirect stock operation of 60 percent of the baby boomers.
The American Association of Retired People (AARP) is one of the strongest pressure groups against the state or federal government based on its huge membership, and has been supporting the transition through life design and preparation of the "Life Registered" campaign since 2013. This is not to say that the retirement and aging of baby boomers do not simply mean the entry of old age as an object of care, but rather the opportunity to develop a satisfying and positive life for themselves and society in a new way in the new world of life.
An example of how the baby boomers are conducting various campaigns, programs and projects while presenting new perspectives on retirement life and old age is Angkordad(Encore.org) Mark Friedman, founder of Angkor Dot, first used the word "Encore Career" in his book, which later became the term used to describe the stage of life in the U.S. when he was in his 50s. Mark Friedman founded Civic Venture, a non-profit organization founded by Angkordad, in 1997 to turn aging into a positive and meaningful source of change for individuals and society. Angkordad is a private, non-profit network that conducts various activities to define life as a 'new phase of life' that can contribute to society in new things and new ways, and pursue new goals.
Some of the most popular projects and programs in Angkorod include Experience Corp. and Encore Fellowship. The Experience Volunteer Group, which began in 1995, started out as a program where volunteers in their 50s or older participate in academic guidance or mentoring in poor neighborhoods or elementary schools with poor academic performance, and now more than 2,000 volunteers aged 50 or older form networks with community nonprofit organizations in 22 cities. Angkor Fellowship is a program that enables private sector experts to play a meaningful role in non-profit social organizations (in 2014 more than 250 people who worked in 35 regions for private profit have moved to the non-profit sector and have been paid to work in the non-profit activities). In addition, Angkor Dade also hosts an Encore U.S. program that supports various education programs, such as education on EncoreU Care and EncoreU Fellowship, and preparation for EncoreU Career.
Singapore, the state's leading exposition of life in old age
Singapore is facing a rapid aging of its population, with its city-states of about 4 million and the world`s highest life expectancy along with a low birth rate. The Singaporean government has already established and implemented systematic policies to cope with the aging society for more than a decade. In 2007, the middle-aged, middle-aged, middle-aged, 50+ generations, established the Council for Third Age (C3A), which prepares for old age and supports meaningful achievements for themselves and society. They focus on learning and volunteering and aim to engage elderly baby boomers in various ways.
In addition, the Singaporean government announced its preemptive measures against the aged society through its policy initiative for future development and prosperity of Singapore in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its independence in 2015. Under the leadership of the committee, the related ministries and private cooperatives announced the Action Plan for Successful Ageing, which is worth 2.5 trillion won in Korean money, after collecting opinions from civic groups. The plan comprises 60 projects in 12 areas, including health and happiness, learning, volunteer work, housing, transportation, public space, respect and social inclusion, proper retirement, medical and care, protection of the vulnerable elderly and research. At the individual level, they included senior learning, creating a cohesive community through intergenerational exchange and communication at the community level, extending the retirement age (extending the retirement age from 65 to 67 by 2017), investing in research and development for housing, transportation, urban planning, and aging friendship, and setting up a garden for prevention of paralysis and dementia and treatment.
In particular, the National Movement of Senior Volunteer Movement to communicate and cooperate with the local community, and 50,000 senior citizens shared their talents and experiences with the community and created as many opportunities for generation to generation exchange. To this end, senior and senior center and child care facilities will be located in 10 newly developed regions over the next 10 years, and a large center will be established for young and elderly people to actively introduce and implement a generation-wide integrated program.