Health & Life Care

Breast cancer targets first child, late 40s and 50s.

If you don't have breast-feeding experience in the early stages, you'll be able to get cancer, self-diagnose every month from your 30s, and maintain adequate weight, and you'll need to have a family history of genetic modification under 40.

Kim Geum-ja, who had been in stable work life, died in November last year after battling breast cancer for five years. Forty-eight was such a precious middle-aged age. The place where she left was too big for her family. The daughter of a high school student and the son of a middle school student, who needs a mother's back in the middle of life, are not shy, but they must have been hurt more than anyone else. Kim Geum-ja, who spent a day busy living at work or doing household chores, was diagnosed five years ago when she visited a hospital with bruises and secretions in her breast.

October is the month of breast cancer. Along with thyroid cancer, the month of breast cancer was established to raise awareness of breast cancer, which is competing for the first or second place among women's cancers, and to prevent cancer. Breast cancer has been on a steep rise in recent years. According to the "2012 Women's Breast Cancer White Paper" released by the Korean Society for Breast Cancer on Tuesday, the number of breast cancer patients diagnosed with breast cancer increased fourfold from 3,801 in 1996 to 16,398 in 2010. The association predicted that the number of breast cancer patients will exceed 20,000 annually this year or next year, considering that 2,500 more breast cancer patients have been diagnosed each year in the past three years (2008-2012). By age, those in their 40s accounted for 37 percent of breast cancer cases in 2010, slightly down from 40 percent in 2006. In comparison, those in their 50s increased from 25.7 percent to 29.1 percent over the four-year period. Although the number of people in their 40s decreased slightly and those in their 50s increased slightly, those in their 40s and 50s accounted for 66.1 percent of all breast cancer patients. Seven out of 10 breast cancer patients are in their 40s and 50s. The number of patients in their 30s decreased from 14.3 percent in 2006 to 12.7 percent in 2010. The association said that breast cancer cases in people in their 60s (up from 13 percent to 14 percent) are increasing, following those in their 50s, but breast cancer cases in their 50s and under still account for 78.8 percent of all patients. In particular, 51.1 percent of breast cancer cases in their 20s and 40s, which play a pivotal role in society and households, make up half of the cases, making it urgent to come up with countermeasures.

The average age of breast cancer patients is 49 in South Korea, but the U.S. is 61. Ninety-five percent of breast cancer patients in the U.S. are found to have cancer after their 40s. "From 20s to 30s, people should check for breast cancer every year from 40s, and women in their 40s should not neglect their regular checkups," said Song Byung-joo, a professor at Catholic Medical Center.

◆ Breast, onset at puberty and begins to be exposed to diseases

The breast, the pride and symbol of women, extends outwardly from the second or third rib to the sixth or seventh rib, and from the outside of the sternum to the front of the armpit. Some people have extended their breasts to their armpits because they are much wider than this. For this reason, 52 percent of breast cancer cases occur in the upper right corner, which is close to the armpit, when breast cancer is divided into four parts. The best place for breast cancer transfer is the armpit lymph nodes.

Female breasts develop during puberty. Mammies mature with the development of small lobes and an increase in fat tissues, like broccoli, which number from 15 to 25. As you get older, your breast grows with the replacement of your mammary gland with fat, but falls down. Brazier, posture correction, and exercise can improve the strain of muscles under the breast, but they cannot even change the shape of the breast itself. Cigarettes are harmful because they destroy collagen that keeps the breast form. The biggest disease that can occur in breast milk is 'cancer'. Cancer is usually touched in lumps in the breast. Eighty percent of the breast mass is water intoxication and has nothing to do with cancer. After being diagnosed as 'cancer' by a local lawmaker, it can often be found to be a water trap when a thorough examination is conducted at a general hospital. Cysts grow bigger and hurt when touched just before menstruation. Cysts are caused by hormonal imbalance and are largely eliminated after menopause.

◆Female hormone estrogen, it's affecting the development of cancer.

The causes of breast cancer are largely divided into genetic and epigenous factors. Although the cause of breast cancer has not been clearly identified yet, this is the result of various studies and clinical experiences. Genetic factors are typical of family members who have been diagnosed with breast cancer. Between 5 and 10 percent of breast cancer patients are genetic breast cancer. If either mother or sister suffers from breast cancer, the incidence of breast cancer increases two to three times and if both have breast cancer, the incidence increases eight to 12 times.

Some factors suggest that people with long-term hormonal stimuli, people with early menopause, people with late menopause, people with long postmenopausal women, people diagnosed with proliferative breast disease in past biopsy, women without birth experience, women with no experience of breastfeeding, and people consuming too much animal fat are more likely to develop breast cancer. In addition, drinking and smoking, which are cited as a risk factor for all cancers, are also cited as factors for acquired breast cancer.

◆The rate found in the bathhouse is 1~2%

Breast cancer generally has no early symptoms. Breast cancer can cause no pain, but it can cause bruises (torture) in the breast. Most of them grow to be more than 1 centimeter tall when they feel bruises in their breasts. There is no pain, but it is hard, has a bumpy surface and doesn't move very well. In addition, breast cancer can also be suspected when secretions are released from the nipples or when the breast skin becomes thicker and fluffy. Since breast cancer can cause abnormalities in the breast, the percentage of people who visit hospitals is known to be around 1 to 2 percent as they were found by a helper in a bathhouse.

"When breast tissue becomes hard, it is desirable to visit," said Paik Nam-sun, director of Ewha Womans University's Women's Cancer Institute. "You should also suspect breast cancer when your skin becomes thicker, redder or swollen like an orange peel." However, not all of them are diagnosed with breast cancer just because they are touched and have symptoms, so it is recommended to consult a specialist for accurate diagnosis and treatment. A benign tumor, commonly found in people in their 20s, is a type of fibroids and has little chance of developing into breast cancer, but cancer cells may be hiding inside the fibroids, which require a steady diagnosis along with detailed diagnosis.

Breast cancer has a very high survival rate when detected in the early stages, so regular checkups are important along with self-diagnosis. Self-diagnosis is appropriate around 5 days after menstruation, and the entire breast is examined to prevent missing parts by drawing a coin-sized circle using the first words of the second, third and fourth fingers. Touch the breast side and the armpit. However, it is better to have a regular checkup at a hospital as self-diagnosis alone may not detect cancer.

◆Need to observe continuously for more than 10 years after breast cancer surgery

Breast cancer diagnosis is conducted with mammography, mammograms, septum biopsy, tissue biopsy, and breast tissue examination machines. Mammography is the most appropriate way to diagnose cancer early on. Breast ultrasonography is performed for more accurate examinations when abnormalities are found in mammography or when breast tissue is dense. A biopsy is a method that uses a slender needle or a special machine to collect bruises or cells or tissues from a suspicious lump of breast to examine whether they are cancerous cells. Mammoth-like breast tissue inspection equipment, which has little pain and aftereffects, has recently become more simple to diagnose and treat.

Breast cancer devices are diagnosed from 0 to 4 depending on tumor size, lymph node transfer or transfer to other organs. Zero is a non-invasive breast cancer that has a tingling inside the upper skin. The survival rate is nearly 100%. 1st term refers to a tumor size of less than 2cm and not spread to lymph nodes. Average survival rate is 98.4% (based on the Central Cancer Registry). A second term refers to a tumor size of 2 to 5 cm with non-severe lymph node transference or greater than 5 cm without lymph node transference. Average survival rate is 91.6%. The third term refers to when the tumor size is smaller than 5cm, but the lymph node transfer is severe, or the tumor size is larger than 5cm, and the survival rate is 69.7%. In the fourth (late stage), breast cancer has spread to other organs, such as bones, lungs and liver, and the survival rate drops to 30.2 percent.

It takes about 10 days to diagnose a breast cancer after the test because it is suspected.

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